There are multiple categories of sleep disorders. The most common current sleep problem in our culture is sleep deprivation or too little sleep. Another category is from sleeping at the wrong time and loss or misalignment of the circadian rhythm. The third category is when someone can’t sleep, which is known as Insomnia. Simply having bad sleeping habits causes a myriad of problems, and is expanded upon in the below description. The last category is true sleep disorders, and only the most common are listed here.
Please take the sleep disorder screening test to help point yourself in the right direction and seek further education.
Below are a few examples of sleep disorders that we treat in our office:
Sleep deprivation is becoming more prominent and serious as a growing health problem. Studies have shown higher rates of cancer, infection, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and metabolic instabilities due to this change. Sleep deprivation deteriorates brain function and memory. Even depression can (in some people) be related to a brain neurotransmitter imbalance caused by too little sleep.
In children, sleep deprivation is linked to impaired growth and compromised brain development, poor mental performance, and behavior issues. Sleep deprivation in children is linked to obesity, diabetes, and other endocrine and metabolic imbalances.
Insomnia is characterized by an inability to initiate or maintain sleep. It may also take the form of early morning awakening in which the individual awakens several hours early and is unable to resume sleeping. Before arriving at a diagnosis of primary insomnia, the healthcare provider will rule out other potential causes, such as other sleep disorders, side effects of medications, substance abuse, depression, or other previously undetected illness.
Circadian rhythm disturbance is a common condition. It is a misalignment of an individual’s current wake/sleep schedule and the endogenous circadian rhythm (one’s biological clock). Swing shift and third shift workers are especially at risk for developing this sleep disorder.
In a general sense, any sort of bedtime behavior that prohibits sleep falls into this category. Today, the main culprit is screen time, whether it be in the form of TV, cell phones, or tablets. Additionally, synthetic substances such as caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, and both illegal and prescription drugs can all contribute to bad sleep habits.
Other Sleep Disorders
Restless Legs Syndrome
REM-related Behavior Disorder
Other disorders resulting from medical issues
Please take the sleep disorder screening test to help point yourself in the right direction and seek further education about which disorder fits your symptoms.